The concept of consequentialism

Moreover, the argument assumes that the original list is complete. For and Against, by J. Most consequentialist theories focus on maximizing good states — after all, if something is good, then more seems better.


They never specify the line between what is morally wrong and what is not morally wrong, and it is hard to imagine any non-arbitrary way for deontologists to justify a cutoff point. Some such wrongdoing might be blameless when agents act from innocent or even desirable motives, but it is still supposed to be moral wrongdoing.

To avoid this result, some utilitarians claim that an act is morally wrong if and only if its consequences contain more pain or other disvalues than an alternative, regardless of positive values. This kind of case leads some consequentialists to introduce agent-relativity into their theory of value SenBroomePortmoreAct consequentialism Act consequentialism looks at every single moral choice anew.

One explanation is that her voluntary act intervened in the causal chain between my act and her husband's death. However, rule consequentialism chooses rules based on the consequences that the selection of those rules have.

A Comparison: Consequentialism Vs. Deontology Vs. Virtue Ethics

For predecessors, see Schneewind Moreover, the argument assumes that the original list is complete. Other consequentialists add the intrinsic values of friendship or love, freedom or ability, life, virtue, and so on.

In particular, for each page the image is used on, it must have an explanation linking to that page which explains why it needs to be used on that page. Two subtypes of consequentialism are ethical egoism and what we may call "social consequentialism," the best known versions of which are called utilitarianism.

Or one could hold that an act is right if it maximizes respect for or minimizes violations of certain specified moral rights. What is primarily at stake here is the responsibility of the agent. Incommensurability, Incomparability, and Practical Reason, Cambridge: Classic utilitarians held hedonistic act consequentialism.

What is desired or preferred is usually not a sensation but is, rather, a state of affairs, such as having a friend or accomplishing a goal. Common-Sense Morality and Consequentialism, London: An act can increase happiness for most the greatest number of people but still fail to maximize the net good in the world if the smaller number of people whose happiness is not increased lose much more than the greater number gains.

Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Philosophies- Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives. The morality of an action has always been a question to be examined by philosophy.

Consequentialism is the class of normative ethical theories holding that the consequences of one's conduct are the ultimate basis for any judgment about the rightness or wrongness of that conduct.

Thus, from a consequentialist standpoint, a morally right act (or omission from acting) is one that will produce a good outcome, or consequence.

Question: "What is consequentialist ethics / consequentialism?" Answer: Consequentialism is a theory of normative ethics. It holds that an act is only moral or ethical if it results in a good conclusion. This is in contrast to deontology, which teaches morality is based on duty; virtue ethics, which.


If, as I think is clearly the case, there is some reasonably large portion of philosophers who use "consequentialism" to mean a broader concept than that meant by your sources, then the word is, as a matter of fact, whether you like it or not, ambiguous.

And the article should reflect that fact. Consequentialism definition is - the theory that the value and especially the moral value of an act should be judged by the value of its consequences.

the theory that the value and especially the moral value of an act should be judged by the value of its consequences See the full definition. Consequentialism An action is the right thing to do in certain circumstances if, of all the actions available in those circumstances, it would produce the best outcome.

The concept of consequentialism
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Consequentialism and Related Concepts