The concept of fascism as political religion

Therefore all doctrines which postulate peace at all costs are incompatible with Fascism. And what of the English Bentham who considered that all industry asked of government was to be left alone, and of the German Humbolt who expressed the opinion that the best government was a lazy " one.

The Jews were a very small minority, but they were considered to be totally different from Italians. Since economic and political development have everywhere emphasized these truths.

He distinguishes an inter-war period in which it manifested itself in elite-led but populist "armed party" politics opposing socialism and liberalism and promising radical politics to rescue the nation from decadence.

Secular religion

It sums up all the manifestations of the moral and intellectual life of man. The Swiss Protestant theologian Adolf Keller — argued that Marxism in the Soviet Union had been transformed into a secular religion. The Egyptian king was the chief priest of the land and the superior of all priests and other cult functionaries.

The word comes from the prefix dys, Greek for bad, abnormal, impaired, ill, and Utopia, a name coined by Thomas More for his imaginary island. By attempting to restore calm, peace, tranquility, or.

It is not out of place to illustrate the intrinsic character and profound significance of the Fascist Levy. Such proscriptions and taboos for the private life of the king are especially evident in Africa but also occur in Polynesia and Micronesia, East Asia, and the ancient Middle East.

It arose in as a reaction to the Holy Alliance which tried to force Europe to recede further back than ; it touched its zenith in when even Pius IXth was a liberal.

I therefore hope this assembly will accept the economic claims advanced by national syndicalism … Is it not strange that from the very first day, at Piazza San Sepolcro, the word "guild" corporazione was pronounced, a word which, as the Revolution developed, was to express one of the basic legislative and social creations of the regime.

The word I am about to use is a great one, but indeed I do wish that during the two months which are still to elapse before our National Assembly meets, the philosophy of Fascism could be created. From beneath the ruins of liberal, socialist, and democratic doctrines, Fascism extracts those elements which are still vital.

Sharp distinctions cannot be drawn between the different conceptions of the relationship of a god to kingship. For us the Nation is mainly spirit and not only territory. The authority of potential religious leaders also presents a threat to the authority of the political religion.

Dynamic reality 21 I believe that if a people wish to live, they should develop a will to power, otherwise they vegetate, live miserably and become prey to a stronger people, in whom this will to power is developed to a higher degree.

The Fascist conception of the State is all embracing; outside of it no human or spiritual values can exist, much less have value. There can be no conception of the State which is not fundamentally a conception of life: In politics Fascism aims at realism; in practice it desires to deal only with those problems which are the spontaneous product of historic conditions and which find or suggest their own solutions 9.

The Popolo d'Italia described itself in its subtitle as the daily organ of fighters and producers.

Fascism, Totalitarianism and Political Religion

Message for the year 1 October 27,in Discorsi delMilano, Alpes,p. Brother-sister marriages in some areas give evidence to this kind of royal ideology. Historical and realistic conception 8 Tradition certainly is one of the greatest spiritual forces of a people, inasmuch as it is a successive and constant creation of their soul.

Though there may be an amazing correspondence among numerous individual phenomena, each individual sacral form of government can be explained only in its own historical, social, and religious context.

For thousands of centuries, politics has always been influenced and conditioned and defined in terms of religiousness. Definitions of fascism Historians, political scientists and other scholars have long debated the exact nature of fascism.

Abstract. This article presents political religion as a concept for studying Communism, Fascism and National Socialism, which display significant elements of traditional religion, such as rites of purgation, penitence and renewal, cultic. This essay presents a synthetic account of the author's interpretation of fascism as a modern, nationalist, revolutionary, anti‐liberal and anti‐Marxist phenomenon that he has elaborated on the basis both of original research and of an innovative redefinition of the concepts of totalitarianism and political religion and their interrelationship.

Fascism as Political Religion In modern society, secularization has not produced a definitive separation between the spheres of religion and politics. One of George Orwell’s main concerns with capitalist, fascist, or communist societies was the ruthlessness they showed toward all other forms of government and towards any dissent of the people.

Regeneration is a key concept in any type of religion and most post-Christian-age religions. “ Mussolini’s fascism was the first political movement in Europe to achieve power and consecrate the cult freedom is at stake.

They both express human needs. But when politics and religion join forces, there is always a danger to human. The concept of divine kingship was known but rarely taken seriously, the claim to the status of the caste of royalty becoming more important.

Because conformity to the social order had precedence over allegiance to the state, the idea of representation found expression not so much in political.

The concept of fascism as political religion
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Politics and Religion, Politics as Religion